Notice of change to residential rates

Minnesota Power has changed how its rates for residential customers are structured.

Under a plan approved by the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, Minnesota Power has moved from block rates for residential customers to a flat energy rate. We will eventually move to residential rates that vary based on when energy is used, often called time-of-day rates. This multipleyear transition is occurring in phases and is expected to be complete by 2027, when time-of-day rates will become the default residential rate. The first phase began in October 2021 with a change to a flat energy rate. The second phase gets underway in October 2022 with a change to the flat rate and the usage-qualified discount.

With a flat rate, you pay the same energy charge per kilowatthour no matter how much energy you use. This is generally how electric utilities in Minnesota charge for energy used.

Effective October 1, 2023, the flat rate for residential customers changed from $0.08384/kWh to $0.09403/kWh. The discount will remain in place for customers who:

  • continue to average 1,000 kWh or less per month AND
  • are either approved for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) or inform Minnesota Power that they are income-qualified through a self-declaration process.

The discount amount on up to the first 600 kilowatt-hours for eligible customers changed from -$0.03229 to -$0.03761 in October, 2023. The impact on your bill from changing the flat rate and discount will depend on your energy usage and income eligibility. Customers who are income-eligible and average 1,000 kilowatt-hours or less per month will receive a discount on up to their first 600 kilowatt-hours of energy used each month. Starting in October 2023, this means that the energy charge for the first 600 kilowatt-hours for income- and usage-qualified customers will be $0.05642/ kWh. The changes from phase 1 to phase 2 and then in October, 2023 are summarized as follows:

Flat Rate for ResidentialCustomers Phase 1
(Oct. 1, 2021)
Phase 2
(Oct. 1, 2022)
(Oct. 1, 2023)
Residential (all kWh) $0.09693 $0.08384 $0.09403
Usage-Qualified Discount (0-600 kWh) -$0.03622    
Income- and Usage-Qualified Discount (0-600 kWh)   -$0.03229 -$0.03761

No, this change is not an increase to rates, but it is a change to the pricing structure for energy used.

Our block rates were in place for many years—even as energy sources have changed. For example, in 2005, Minnesota Power had 95% coal-based energy and today we are delivering 50% renewable energy with a vision to deliver 100% carbon-free energy. You can learn more about EnergyForward and our vision for a clean-energy future at

Changing how rates are structured will set the stage for the electric grid of the future by recognizing the shift to more renewable energy and enabling a better match of energy usage to the hours when renewable energy is most abundant. We developed our multiyear plan with input from consumer groups, policymakers and other interested parties.

Our phased transition:

  • Simplifies a complicated and often confusing rate structure.
  • Provides a discount for customers who are income eligible and use 1,000 kWh or less per month, on average.
  • Gives customers more control over how they use energy and their bill.
  • Opens the door to additional products and services to benefit customers.
  • Reflects changes in technology, what customers want, and state and federal energy policy goals.

Looking ahead

An interim period of a flat rate before full implementation of time-of-day rates will help ensure a smooth transition for customers while retaining important discount features that a block energy rate offers for income eligible low-energy users. We will keep you informed as the transition for residential rates progresses

A phased transition for residential rates:

We are here

Oct. 2021

Phase 1 block rates to a flat rate

Oct. 2022

Phase 2 block rates to a flat rate and time-of-day transition begins


Transition to default time-of-day rates

Minnesota Power’s parent company, ALLETE, has entered an agreement to be acquired by a partnership led by Canada Pension Plan Investment Board and Global Infrastructure Partners and start the process to become a private company.

This transaction will not change our operations, strategy or shared purpose and values, and it is business as usual for all of us at Minnesota Power. Learn more at